Roofing Terms

Roofing Terms Defined

Whether you’re replacing your roof or just curious about various parts, these definitions of roofing terms will help you understand all the basics overhead.

  • Asphalt Shingles- Shingles made from asphalt-impregnated felt covered with granules.
  • Bare spots- Areas on the roof that are exposed to the elements.
  • Boot- A flange placed over the vent pipe to seal the opening.
  • Caulking– Sealant used around small areas such as windows to prevent water leakage.
  • Deck- A surface installed over trusses, where the roofing material is applied.
  • Drip Edge– Non-staining material used along the roof eaves to allow water run-off.
  • Felt- Used as a secondary layer of protection, felt is a saturated sheet of material that is placed under the shingles of your roof. Felt is also known as a common underlayment.
  • Finial- A finishing adornment placed on the ridges of the roof.
  • Flashing- Materials used to waterproof around any penetration spots or along the roof to wall. Flashing should be inspected every few years for damage and wear.
  • Grout- Made from a mixture of cement, sand, and water, grout is used to fill in cracks in masonry.
  • Gutter- Installed to direct water from the eaves to the downspouts.
  • Inspection– Heritage Construction does a free 25-point free roof inspection on all residential and commercial buildings. This inspection will detail the condition of the roof’s surface as well as all components of the roofing system.
  • Insurance- Heritage Construction takes pride in being expert roofing insurance claim specialists. We will inspect your roof and help submit the claim to your insurance so that you’ll receive all the insurance benefits you deserve.
  • Limited Warranty– Heritage Construction provides a lifetime workmanship warranty on all of our roofs. It’s important to have your roof inspected yearly for any damage, especially after a storm.
  • Pitch- The pitch is the angle or the slope of your roof. For a visual, think of the low-pitched roofs of mid-century modern homes versus the high roof pitches of the Victorian era. Roof pitches are destined to change based on architectural design trends.
  • Repair– Roofs can often be repaired without a total roof replacement. Contact Heritage Construction for a free roof inspection and we’ll evaluate your roof system and present you with the best, most affordable option.
  • Re-Roof- When only the best will do, you’ll need a new roof. No matter the stage of your current roof, Heritage can fully replace all parts of your roofing system so that your building remains safe and secure.
  • Ridge- A ridge is where two sloped roof sections meet.
  • Ridge Vents- Venting is installed at the highest peak of the roof and allows for air intake and exhaust so that attic spaces are fully ventilated.
  • Roof System The basics of what a roof is compromised of which includes the covering, insulation, vapor barriers, and decking.
  • Shingles– The top decorative layer of your roofing system. Shingles are made from several materials including asphalt, tile, and slate.
  • Skylight- A window-like structure that is designed to admit light.
  • Squares- Squares are a measurement term. 1 roof square= 100 square feet.
  • Tabs- The bottom of a shingle that’s separated by cut-outs.
  • Valley- Whenever two adjoining roof planes meet they create a “V” shape known as a valley.

Learn More About Your Roofing Terms and Systems

Heritage Construction specializes in residential and commercial roofing. We serve the greater Texas area and are experts in storm restoration. Whether you need a free roof inspection or are curious about what these basic roof terms mean, contact your neighborhood roofing professionals today. We’re always here to help.

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